Anyone who is sexually active should get tested annually for common STDs and HIV.
1.) 10 million young people ages 15-24 are diagnosed with a sexually transmitted infection each year.
2.) Most STDs have no signs or symptoms or mild signs that can easily be overlooked, so the only way to know is to get tested.
3.) Women can have long term effects of these diseases, including pelvic inflammatory disease, chronic pelvic pain, tubal scarring, ectopic pregnancy, and infertility.
- Chlamydia: This STD is common in the U.S. with nearly 3 million cases reported each year. Most women with chlamydia (and about half of men) do not experience symptoms. Since symptoms may not be present, the only way to know if a person who may be at risk is infected with chlamydia is to be tested. Type of test: Swab of genital area or urine sample. View chlamydia FAQs.
- Genital Herpes: It is estimated that one in five persons in the United States has genital herpes; however, as many as 90 percent are unaware that they have the virus. Type of test: Blood test or swab of affected area. View herpes FAQs.
- Gonorrhea: This STD is a curable infection. It is transmitted during vaginal, anal and oral sex (performing or receiving). Many men infected with gonorrhea have symptoms, while most women do not. Even when women do have symptoms, they can be mistaken for a bladder infection or other vaginal infection. Type of test: Blood test or sample from sore. View gonorrhea FAQs.
- Hepatitis A, B and C: Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver that can be caused by a group of viruses. Type of test: Blood test. View hepatitis FAQs.
- HIV: HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus. It is the virus that causes AIDS. Over time, infection with HIV can weaken the immune system to the point that the system has difficulty fighting off certain infections. Type of test: Blood test. View HIV FAQs.
- Oral Herpes: More than 50 percent of the adult population in the United States has oral herpes. Herpes can also be transmitted when there are no symptoms present. Type of test: Visual diagnosis. View herpes FAQs.
- Syphilis: This STD is a curable, bacterial infection. The bacteria enter the body through mucous membranes or torn or cut skin. Once inside the body, syphilis enters the blood stream and attaches to cells, damaging organs over time. Type of test: Blood test or sample from sore. View syphilis FAQs.
STDs are not like allergies; you can’t do a massive test for all STDs. These tests are specific to each infection.
Talk to your health care provider about which STD tests you should receive. Certain STDs are more common than others, so your provider may suggest you get tested regularly for them. Remember to be honest and open with them about your sexual history. They are there to help, not judge you.
Step 1: Schedule an appointment with a UHC provider by calling 402.472.5000 and tell them you would like to be tested.
Step 2: After your appointment, make another appointment to get tested at the UHC medical laboratory, and bring the order from your UHC or other provider to the appointment.
Step 3: Your results will be available in your One Chart | Patient portal three days after testing. A UHC staff member will call you to discuss your results.
UHC’s Health Promotion & Outreach department offers free HIV testing for University of Nebraska-Lincoln students, faculty and staff Mondays and Thursdays from noon to 2 p.m. during the academic year in the basement of Selleck, Room 7018. No appointment needed! Tests are anonymous and rapid. Optional risk reduction consultations are also available.
Generally, medical information is kept confidential between the patient and health care provider.
Positive results for some STDs, like HIV or syphilis, may be shared with state or city health departments for tracking purposes, but there are laws preventing health departments from sharing your test results with your family, friends or employer.
If you use health insurance to get tested, you should consider who else has access to that information (like a parent or partner if you share health insurance).
Be sure to ask your health care provider who will know that you got tested and your results, especially if you are using insurance. Ask questions and stay informed.
Doctor-ordered chlamydia, gonorrhea and HIV tests are offered at no additional cost to students who have paid their UPFF (student fees). For pricing information regarding testing for other STDs, please call the UHC billing office: 402.472.7435.
Any charges you incur can be billed to your insurance. Nebraska Medicine participates with many insurance companies. Please bring your insurance card with you to your appointment.
If you use insurance, the primary insurance holder will receive information about what STD tests you received. If you pay for your STD tests by cash, check, Visa or Mastercard, you – and only you – will know what STD tests you received.
First, remember to breathe. The side effects and health outcomes of many STDs can be treated, and many STDs are curable. There are different treatments for different STDs. For some STDs, there are several treatment options. Here are two examples:
- If you test positive for chlamydia, you will be given a prescription for an antibiotic that will cure this case of chlamydia. It is important that you follow the treatment recommended by your health care provider completely. Always continue your medication until it is finished, even if your symptoms have gone away. You could still get chlamydia again if you have sex with someone who has chlamydia. So it’s important that your partner(s) also get tested and treated for chlamydia before resuming sexual activity.
- If you test positive for herpes, you can take medications to treat the symptoms. While herpes is not a curable STI, it is easily treatable with medication. Medications are also available to help prevent future outbreaks and minimize their severity, as well as to lower the chances of passing the virus on to partners. About one in six adults have herpes in the U.S.-and they live normal, healthy lives. You’re not alone! You can also join support groups for people with herpes to help you cope and prevent transmission to others.
Some conversations seem really hard to have. Telling someone you have an STD is one of them. But it’s not just about you. Your partner needs to know so he or she can get tested and treated if necessary.
Everyone gets an STD from someone else. Part of stopping the spread of STDs is open communication, so talk to your partner. This is never an easy conversation, but it is a very important conversation to have. Many couples report that this conversation actually brings them closer together.
Make a plan. As soon as you’re ready, you should bring it up with your partner. You could talk to someone else about it first and practice what you’re going to say. You could journal about it or practice talking in a mirror. You could even write your partner a letter. The main point is just to communicate. Be there for your partner the way you hope they would be there for you.