Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs)

Infections of the urinary tract are common and typically are treated easily. They can lead to more serious infections if not treated.

Signs and symptoms

  • Frequent urge to pee and often a painful, burning sensation upon urination
  • Urine may have cloudy appearance and/or have a strong smell
  • Fever
  • Back pain


The most common cause is ​E. Coli, which is found in the GI tract.

Risk Factors

  • Anatomy of most people assigned female at birth
  • Frequent sexual intercourse
  • Having an uncircumcised penis


If you suspect that you have a UTI, make an appointment to see a health care provider. You will need to provide a urine sample to be tested for the presence of bacteria. It is likely that you will need to do a “clean-catch” sample in which they provide a wipe to clean the area and collect the urine midstream. The treatment will be decided based on what type of bacteria is detected.

  • Antibiotics commonly prescribed for simple UTIs: Bactrim, ​Keflex, Monurol, Macrodantin, Macrobid – be sure to take the medication for the entire duration that it is prescribed
  • Avoid drinks that irritate the bladder such as coffee or alcohol

When to seek emergency care

  • Urine has red, pink or brownish tint – may suggest blood in urine
  • High fevers accompanied with chills, nausea, vomiting are signs of a severe infection
  • Diabetic


  • Stay hydrated
  • Wipe from front to back
  • Urinate after sexual intercourse

Campus Resources

Nebraska Medicine University Health Center offers medical services to help students feel and stay well. Most services at the University Health Center require an appointment. Call 402.472.5000 to schedule an appointment. Telehealth visits are available depending on your symptoms.  Learn more about hours